- (Israel for Immigration/Israel Moving Upward)A political party headed by Anatoly (Natan) Sharansky and comprised mostly of immigrants (see ALIYA) from the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics that ran for the first time in the 1996 election (see KNESSET ELECTIONS) and won seven Knesset seats. It participated in the governing coalition formed by Benjamin Netanyahu, with Sharansky serving as minister of industry and trade and Yuli Edelstein as immigrant absorption minister. Israel B'Aliya advocated increased funding for the absorption of immigrants. It also adopted a liberal perspective on domestic economic and social issues, including the recognition by religious authorities of conversions to Judaism performed by non-Orthodox rabbis and the patri-lineal line of Jewish descent. On security and foreign policy, it sought to present itself as a centrist party—contending that future Israeli governments must be prepared to abide by international obligations entered into by previous governments (e.g., the Oslo Accords) but at the same time demanding full compliance from the Arab side in all peace agreements.Israel B'Aliya won six seats in the election for the 15th Knesset in 1999; Sharansky was appointed interior minister in the governing coalition headed by Ehud Barak, with Marina Solodkin serving as deputy minister of immigrant absorption. However, only days after the new government was formed, Israel B'Aliya was rocked by the departure of two members of the Knesset (Roman Bronfman and Alexander Tsinker), who moved to set up an independent faction in the Knesset. Israel B'Aliya left the government in the spring of 2000 to protest the territorial concessions Barak was offering to the Palestinians at Camp David (July 2000). Israel B'Aliya took only two mandates in the 2003 election to the 16th Knesset, with the party founder and former leader Natan Sharansky losing his seat as a consequence. Rather than sitting in the Knesset as a miniparty, it chose to be integrated with the Likud Party.See also Law of Return.
Historical Dictionary of Israel. Bernard Reich David H. Goldberg. Edited by Jon Woronoff..
Look at other dictionaries:
Aliyá — o Aliá (en hebreo: עליה, ascenso ), en plural aliyot, es el término utilizado para llamar a la inmigración judía a la Tierra de Israel (y desde su creación en 1948, al Estado de Israel). Quien realiza la aliyá es llamado olé (masculino) u olá… … Wikipedia Español
Aliya — Derived from the Hebrew word for ascent or going up. The immigration of Jews from the Diaspora to the Holy Land (Palestine and, later, Israel). Jewish immigration to and settlement in the land of Israel is a central concept in Zionist ideology … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Israel Labor Party — (Mifleget Haavoda Haisraelit) The successor to Mapai that dominated the politics of the prestate Yishuv and the first three decades of independence. On 21 January 1968, Mapai merged with two other labor parties, Ahdut Haavoda and Rafi, to form … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Israel Beiteinu — (IB; Israel Our Home) A right of center, Russian immigrant (see ALIYA) political party headed by former Likud Party insider and Benjamin Netanyahu adviser Avigdor Lieberman that won 4 seats in the election (see KNESSET ELECTIONS) for the 15th… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Israel Defense Forces — (IDF; Zahal) Israel s military is under a unified command of land, air, and sea forces. It is subject to the authority of the government and carries out its policy. The minister of defense is in charge of the IDF and is a civilian, although he … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Israel Philharmonic Orchestra — (IPO) Founded in December 1936 as the Palestinian Symphony Orchestra, it was initially conceived by the violinist Bronislaw Huberman, who in 1934 set out to establish a center of artistic and educational excellence in Palestine. The project… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Aliya (disambiguation) — Aliya is the name of: * Aliya (singer) Belarusian singer, journalist and model. (Not to be confused with Aaliyah.)ee also* Aliyah, Jewish immigration to the Land of Israel * Aliyah (disambiguation) … Wikipedia
Aliya — may refer to:* Aaliyah, American R B singer * Aliya (singer), Belarussian R B singer * Aliyah, Jewish immigration to the Land of Israel … Wikipedia
Israel Kessar — (20 de mayo de 1931), en hebreo ישראל קיסר, es un expolítico israelí que fue miembro de la knéset. Perteneció a la coalición Alignment y al Partido Laborista entre 1984 y 1996. Se desempeñó como Ministro de Transporte entre 1992 y 1996. Kessar… … Wikipedia Español
Aliya Bet — A term for the illegal immigration of Jews into Palestine under the British Mandate in defiance of British severe restrictions associated with the White Paper of 1939 … Historical Dictionary of Israel